It is a natural occurrence in the life cycle of an individual to change priorities according to their age. In the case of financial needs, for instance, young children have trivial monetary concerns. Teenagers, on the other hand, have increased yet manageable needs. Young professionals have complicated and often unnecessary financial issues. Yuppies, as they are referred to in urban slang, have a higher propensity to buy because of the initial excitement of real-world adulthood.
Middle-aged people have even more complicated yet defined financial necessities. The senior bracket or those nearing retirement have defined financial requirements. Since most people in their retirement age have a unified idea of their needs, they are the ones who are usually targeted by bank and financial institutions to take out loans or reverse mortgages.
A person at the point of retirement age would most likely more concerned about funds and savings more than anything else. And this is perfectly understandable because leaving the labor force entirely would mean ceasing to receive a paycheck on a regular basis. Some people, after assessing and calculating their bank assets and savings would feel that their money might not be enough to last them through their retirement period. That is precisely why mortgages and loans benefit from this demographic.
A kind of mortgage that is designed specifically for the senior bracket is a reverse mortgage. It is only available for persons 62 years and older. The reverse mortgage is a loan that is placed on the home equity. It is referred to as ‘reverse’ because it is not like normal mortgages when the homeowner receives a lump sum and repays the lender for the debt. In this kind of mortgage, the lender releases money to the homeowner for the life of the mortgage and the loan amount increase is directly proportional to the amount released.
The contract expires when the homeowner dies, sells the house or moves out. At this point, it would be safe to say that, in effect, the mortgage expires when the house is sold. Should the homeowner die or decide to move out, the allotment from the lender stops when the intent to sell the house is expressed, otherwise, the release of money to the borrower will be continuous. In case of death, the heirs will inherit the mortgage and the home, and they can decide to continue the allotment or settle the debt, that is if they intend to move out.
When the house is sold, part of the proceeds will be used to repay the home equity mortgage. If there is an excess, the homeowner can keep it, if the proceeds are not sufficient to settle the amount, the bank or the insurance provider of the bank with the loan will absorb the mortgage.